a suffix forming nouns denoting action or process, state or condition, a product or result, or something producing a result, often accompanying verbs or adjectives of Latin origin ending in -ate, as in agitation, decoration, elation, migration, separation, but also formed in English from any stem, as in botheration, flirtation, starvation.

See -ion, -tion. {Latin -ātio -ate1 + -ion; identical with German -ation, etc., all from Latin}

Australian English dictionary. 2014.

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